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Jig钓法之—— 如何选择正确的拖尾

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发表于 2013-10-13 14:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The right trailer for the task      

资料来源: www.flwoutdoors.com
原文作者: Jeff Samsel
翻译:  土拨鼠

本人发表在自由之路论坛的译文,未设置任何浏览权限的限制,所有注册用户都可以公开浏览,因此未经本人同意,谢绝任何形式的转载(可贴本坛帖子链接)!

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In clear water, consider matching the trailer to the color of a swim jig, like this one made by TABU Tackle.
水质清澈时,要考虑让拖尾的颜色符合jig胶裙的颜色,比如上图中这一只由TABU Tackle公司制造的jig。


How to outfit a jig for any situation
如何使一只jig可以适应任何情况


A jig trailer seems simple enough: a piece of molded soft plastic that dangles from a jig’s hook to add bulk, enhance action, temper the fall and suggest a crawfish or other food item. Those basic functions, though, are somewhat divergent and sometimes work against each other. Consequently, the best trailer to use depends on the jig and the fishing technique. So what style of trailer is best for what you want to accomplish?

一只jig的拖尾看上去非常简单: 一只扣在jig钩上的软饵,或为增加体积,或为改善动作,或为调节下沉速度,或为模拟一只龙虾或者别的食物。  这些基本的功能,虽然多少有些分散且有时互相冲突。  因此,最好的拖尾取决于不同的jig和不同的钓法。 那么为了实现你的目标,什么类型的拖尾才是最好的呢?

Here are some suggestions.
以下是一些建议。



Creature baits    异型类
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Matching jig type: flipping jig
搭配jig类型:  Flipping Jig


Ideal technique: pitching to wood cover
最适用技法:  荡抛至障碍处


Good example: NetBait Baby Mad Paca
典型代表:  Netbait的Baby Mad Paca;


Action description: Paddles flap, arms flair, legs quiver, tails waver – specifics depend on the model, but the common denominator is that several appendages move in different manners and directions to create much movement and a bulky profile. Dragging a football jig with a creature trailer is a good alternative to a Carolina rig.
泳姿描述: 虾钳拍打,触角摆动、附足颤动,尾巴飘舞 —— 其特性依赖于独特的外形设计, 但广义的设计思路在于身体不同的附件以不同方式和不同方向运动以产生更大扰流,同时展现更大的轮廓。 以异型饵搭配橄榄头jig在水底慢拖,也是除卡罗莱纳钓组之外的另一个很好的选择。



Nab short-strikers  捉住攻击而不中的鱼

To counter short strikes from bass when using a creature bait as a jig trailer, shorten the whole trailer by trimming the head end. This allows you to thread the trailer farther up the hook. You can also tweak the presentation by removing some appendages. 当用异型饵作为jig拖尾的时候,为解决鲈鱼攻击而不中的情况, 试着剪短异型饵的头部,这样使得整个jig更紧凑。 另外,你也可以考虑去掉某些附足来细微调整jig的动作。



Chunks  虾钳类
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Matching jig type: finesse jig
搭配jig类型:  精细jig


Ideal techniques: bottom bouncing and dragging
跳底或者拖底

Good example: Zoom Super Chunk Jr.
典型代表: Zoom的 Super Chunk Jr



Action description: The chunk helps create a slow fall overall. The tail flaps like a flag in the wind as the jig falls. Smaller sizes have subdued, less intrusive actions.

泳姿描述:  虾钳的主要作用在于减慢jig下沉的速度。 钳子在jig下沉时拍打,如同风中的旗子一样。 小一些才尺寸动作更小一些,不那么张扬。

Two ways to get chunky   虾钳的两种挂法

For maximum profile with a chunk trailer, simply hang the thick body on the hook from its end. Shorten the jig-and-trailer profile by threading the chunk up the hook shank instead. This rigging method also pegs the body to the jig and shifts virtually all the action to the chunk’s tail.

如果想让jig整体看上去更肥硕,就直接由钩尖贯穿虾钳的头部。 如果要想整个jig钓组更紧凑的话,则由钩尖穿入直到虾钳头部包裹钩柄然后钩尖再穿出。 这种挂法饿同时锁住了虾钳的身体,最终把所有的动作都给了两个钳子。





Swimming crawfish      游动型虾
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Matching jig type: football-head jig
搭配jig类型: 橄榄头jig


Ideal technique: offshore dragging
最适用技法: 离岸托底


Good example: Trigger X Aggression Flappin’ Craw
典型代表: Trigger X Aggression Flappin’ Craw

Action description: The flat curved-edge claws flap hard as long as the bait is in motion. Oversized claws and, on some examples, such as the NetBait Paca Chunk and Damiki Air Craw, a hollow body or appendages help create a claws-up posture. Many body and claw sizes are available. This is a good all-around choice for a jig trailer.

泳姿描述: 扁平而带曲线轮廓的虾钳在饵的游动过程中剧烈摆动。超大的钳子以及,例如NetBait的Paca Chunk 和Damiki的Air Craw,  空心的身体或附件帮助形成虾钳朝上的姿态。 市面上有许多身体和虾钳尺寸各异的虾钳。 这些基本上都是很好的jig拖尾。


Get natural 动作要自然

If possible, determine what the prevailing crawfish color is where you’re fishing. Sometimes bass will spit up crawfish in livewells, or you might be able to find crawfish in shallow aquatic grass or along rocky shores. Crawfish coloration varies dramatically by waterway and by season. Match jig and trailer colors accordingly.

如果可能的话,确定一下你做钓的水域里哪种颜色的虾子占主流。 有时候bass在活鱼箱里吐出虾子,又或者你会在浅水的水草或者石岸看到虾。 虾子的颜色在不同的水域和不同的季节都会不尽相同。 请以此为依据来搭配jig和拖尾的颜色。




发表于 2013-10-15 01:34 | 显示全部楼层
非常受益  分享我的常用搭配
OSP 2寸 3寸 龙虾
OSP 3寸竹节虾
YAMAMOTO 卷尾 真尾
KUT TAIL  3寸 4寸  胖T尾 廋T尾
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 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-13 14:45 | 显示全部楼层

Twin-tail grubs   双尾蛆
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Matching jig type: swimming jig
搭配jig类型: 游动型jig


Ideal technique: swimming, especially for smallmouths and spots
最适用技法: 游动,有其对小嘴鲈鱼和斑点鲈鱼

Good example: Damiki Hydra Evolution
典型代表: Damiki Hydra Evolution

Action description: Twirling tails constantly move whether the jig is in motion or at rest. Models such as the Hydra Evolution and Yamamoto Hula Grub have a built-in skirt for extra flare, and often are fished on a football jig with no skirt in deep water.

泳姿描述:  不管jig在行进中或者停顿的时候,双尾都在不停的扭动。 Hydra Evolution或者Yamamoto Hula Grub等类似的款型,都自带胶须。 这种款型常被用来搭配橄榄头的铅头钩用于深水的做钓。

Shoot to kill    停顿加忽然启动

When swimming a jig, retrieve it steadily, but kill it briefly a time or two per retrieve, ideally in key ambush zones. Be ready, especially as you start it moving again.

当游动一只Jig时,保持匀速收线,但是每次收线过程中可以加一两次停顿的动作,尤其是在jig经过猎食性鱼类的伏击区域时。 这时你要准备好,咬口往往发生在Jig再次启动时。





Realistic craws   仿真虾
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Matching jig type: round-head finesse jig
搭配jig类型:  圆头的精细jig


Ideal techniques: dragging and pitching to rocky banks, docks and shoreline cover
最适用技法:  以拖动或者荡抛技法做钓石头底沿岸,或者码头,或者岸边遮蔽物

Good example: Luck “E” Strike Guido Bug
典型代表: Luck “E” Strike Guido Bug

Action description: Although most realistic finesse craws lack appreciable movement when falling or swimming, they land with upright claws that wave naturally as the bait settles. Generally speaking, their best “action” is looking realistic in clear water.

泳姿描述: 虽然大部分仿真虾在下沉和游动中缺乏诱人的姿态,但是当停在水底的时候,它钳子朝上自然的随波摇摆。 总的来说,仿真虾最好的“泳姿”在于他们在清水中看起来非常逼真。

The natural shake    自然的摇摆

Make a natural finesse craw trailer come to life by jiggling the rod tip enough to rock the jig and make the wispy pincers and antennae dance without actually changing the location of the jig. Then stop all motion before hopping it again.

要让一只精细的仿真虾展现出生命的律动,您只需绷紧钓线,轻抖竿尖,在不移动jig的情况下让虾钳和触须摆动飘舞。 然后在跳动jig之前,完全停顿一会儿。

In current-driven fisheries – especially with clear water – use a light jig and let the current sweep the combo along. The moving water, with occasional bottom ticks, creates a similar affect as jiggling the rod.

在水流推动的鱼场中——尤其是水质清澈时——用小克数的jig,然后让水流来扰动这个jig钓组。 水流,加上偶尔的敲底,产生的效果实际上很接近竿尖赋予的动作。



Mega craws   大型虾
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Matching jig types: large football jig or flipping jig with a large hook
搭配jig类型:  大型橄榄头jig 或者大构型的尖头jig


Ideal techniques: pitching to edges and beside cover or dragging offshore
最适用技法:  荡抛至遮蔽物旁或者分界线旁,或者深水拖底


Good example: Strike King Rage Tail Lobster
典型代表:  Strike King Rage Tail Lobster


Action description: Claws flap hard on the hop and the drop. The entire soft bait moves a lot of water to draw fish with vibration and by sight. It creates a “magnum profile” jig. The Rage Lobster is 4½ inches long for a true big-fish presentation.

泳姿描述: 虾钳在跳起和下落时摆动剧烈。 整只软饵产生强大的扰流和震动以及从视觉上吸引鱼。 外观上制造了一只“巨型”的jig。 Rage Tail Lobster 长4.5英寸,确实非常适合巨物型的目标鱼。

Even more attraction   加多点诱惑

There’s nothing subtle about an oversized craw trailer, and you won’t be using one when fish are fussy. But when they’re chomping, you might as well amp up the attraction by adding rattles. Shake the rod tip to engage the rattles and call fish for a closer look.

对于一只超大的虾形拖尾来说,没什么精细可言,而且当鱼挑口的时候你压根不会用到它。 但是当它们“咬牙启齿”时,有也可以考虑加个响管来增加其诱惑力。 轻晃竿尖,使响珠发声, 把鱼从远处召唤过来。




Flat flippin’ bugs    扁平型flipping虫
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Matching jig types: grass, flipping and football jig
搭配jig类型:  钓草jig,Flipping Jig以及橄榄头jig


Ideal techniques: punching vegetation, flipping woody cover and stroking
最适用技法:  重击钓法穿透水草, 沉木区、灌木区定点荡抛,Stroking


Good example: Gene Larew Rattlin’ Crawler
典型代表: Gene Larew Rattlin’ Crawler


Action description: This bait slides through cover, planes on the fall (thanks to its flat surfaces) and darts when hopped. The claw action is subtle on some versions, but overall it makes an impression.

泳姿描述: 这种饵能在障碍中穿行,因其扁平的设计能在下沉时“滑翔”,并且在大跳时左右冲击。 在某些款式中钳子的动作很细微,但是总体而言,此类饵只产生一个印象而已。

Slim down to slide   瘦身滑行

For punching the thickest mats with flat, flipping bug trailers, pinch off outside appendages and make the profile as sleek as possible.
为了用这种扁平型的flipping虫穿透最厚的草垫, 请把虫身侧面的其他附件都剪掉,让整个饵的外观越顺滑越好。



发表于 2013-10-13 15:47 | 显示全部楼层
这篇文章真棒,提供了良好的参考,如果能有一些视频参考就更完美了,这段时间一直也在用JIG钓,有些时候真的是很好用 但是有些东西还是一知半解,并且没用过大克重的铅头钩搭配虾型的钓过,都是小型的软尾蛆或双尾的那种小虫(我这里主要是没有大个体的鱼, 鲈鱼个体也不大),所以也不清楚大型虾的搭配
 楼主| 发表于 2013-10-13 23:01 | 显示全部楼层
忘了说 , 分享下我个人最喜欢用的几款拖尾:

YAMAMOTO  4寸、5寸 单卷尾
YAMAMOTO  3.75 Fat Baby Craw
O.S.P  3寸、4寸小龙虾
Netbait    3" Paca Chunk/ 3" Paca Craw
Missile Bait  涡轮双卷尾

发表于 2013-10-14 10:26 | 显示全部楼层
给力的文章啊!JIG钓法是我最喜欢的钓法!多谢鼠版啊!
发表于 2013-10-14 11:12 | 显示全部楼层
学习,鼠版总是那么及时 哈哈
发表于 2013-10-14 11:32 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2013-10-14 12:44 | 显示全部楼层
土拨鼠良师益友啊!有了你是我们路亚迷得福分哦!
发表于 2013-10-14 20:10 | 显示全部楼层
辛苦谢谢分享!
发表于 2013-10-14 20:18 | 显示全部楼层
感谢鼠版分享
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