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大师系列之跟Mike Iaconelli学Finesse Fishing 2 倒钓很特别

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发表于 2011-5-25 09:48 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 土拨鼠 于 2011-5-25 10:01 编辑

Master Series on Finesse Fishing with Mike Iaconelli


Lesson 2: Drop shotting is special

第二课: 倒钓很特别



Mike Iaconelli 口述,Steve Price整理。
资料来源:Bassmaster.com


本人发表在自由之路论坛的文章,未设置任何浏览权限的限制,所有注册用户都可以公开浏览,因此未经本人同意,谢绝任何形式的转载!


"To me, the technique of finesse fishing is primarily about presentation," says Mike Iaconelli

对我来说,finesse fishing的主要技术在于“呈现”, Mike Iaconelli说到。

IKE.jpg

Of all the different techniques and presentations that make up finesse fishing, I consider drop shotting special. It's effective in both shallow and deep water; in clear, stained or dirty water; and in open water or thick cover. The true key to drop shotting, however, lies in the fact the technique allows you to present a bait horizontally above the bottom at a depth you choose and to keep it there.

在finesse fishing的所有技法中,我认为倒钓很特别! 无论在浅水还是深水,清水还是浊水,开阔水域还是重障碍中,它都很有效。而倒钓真正的关键之处在于,实际上你可以选择在离底的一个深度横向呈现你的拟饵,且将饵保持在那个深度。


Do we use drop shotting in tournament competition? Absolutely, and far more than you'd probably realize, primarily because of this versatility. During last season's Bassmaster Elite event at Lake Guntersville, where most of us were crankbaiting the shellbeds and breaklines, Aaron Martens spent a lot of his tournament drop shotting — and he won. The 2008 Bassmaster Elite on Lake Erie? Kota Kiriyama won by drop shotting. I could name other tournaments, but you get the idea; drop shotting is a technique definitely worth your time to learn.

我们在比赛中会用倒钓吗? 当然!而且因为它的多变性,在比赛中的应用程度要你想象的要多得多。上个赛季Bassmaster精英赛在干特斯威尔湖的赛事中,当我们中的大多数钓手在用crankbait在做钓贝床(shellbed)和分界线(breakline)的时候,Aaron Martens大部分比赛时间都在用倒钓——然后他赢了。 2008 Bassmaster精英赛在伊利湖的比赛,桐山孝太郎也是用倒钓获胜的。我还可以说出其他的比赛,但是相信你已经明白,倒钓是一种值得你花时间去学习的技法。


shellbed.jpg

Tips:
1) shellbed:由贝类沉积所形成的水底地质类型。
2)Breakline:指由水深,水底类型,水的清浊度,水中障碍,水草等等的剧烈变化所形成的明显的分界线。



I first saw how effective drop shotting could be during the 2000 Bassmaster Classic in Chicago. Because of rough water conditions on Lake Michigan, several of us decided to fish the more protected Calumet River and Lake Calumet. I thought I was a pretty good finesse fisherman then, and started using a tube jig, one of my favorite finesse lures. We'd all found the same pack of fish, but I watched as they continued to catch bass drop shotting as the tournament continued each day, while I basically stopped catching them.

我第一次看到倒钓有多有效是2000年在芝加哥的Bassmaster经典赛。因为密歇根湖水情太糟糕,我们中的一部分人决定到保护得更好的卡路美河和卡路美湖去。 当时我觉得自己是个很棒的finesse钓手,然后开始用tube jig,这是我最喜欢用的finesse饵之一。 我们发现了同一群鱼,但是我看到他们每天都用倒钓钓到鱼,而我却钓不到。

tube jighead.jpg

They were using a technique I had thought was limited to ultra-clear, ultra-deep water and were catching bass in dirty water less than 10 feet deep. They were also soundly beating me. That's when I realized I had a lot to learn about drop shotting.

他们在用一种我曾经以为只限于超清超深水的技法,而实际上他们在不到10英尺深的浑水中。而显然,他们完全打败了我。那时我才意识到,关于倒钓,我还有很多要学!


When you're just getting started, or if you're fishing a new lake and don't know where the fish are, consider rigging with 6- to 10-pound fluorocarbon (I prefer 8 pound overall), a 6-foot, 8-inch to 7-foot spinning rod with a matching reel, a slender 6-inch straight tail worm and a ¼-ounce tungsten sinker. And tie your hook about 8 inches above the sinker.

当你刚入门的时候,或者你做钓一个新的湖而不知道鱼在哪里,试试用6~10lb氟碳线(我大部分情况下用8lb),6尺8或者7尺的直柄竿,6寸直尾虫,1/4oz的钨钢倒钓坠。把你的钩子绑在坠子上方大概8寸的地方。

(以roboworm 直尾虫的两种倒钓钓组,第一个是钩头部,即 nose hook;第二个是钩中部,即wacky rig)
drop shot nose hooked.jpg

drop shot wacky rigged.jpg


This is only a starting point, and you can easily change different components to suit the conditions. I have used lures ranging from a 3-inch leech for smallmouth to a 10-inch Power Worm for big largemouths. I've used a leader nearly 3 feet long, for which I also use a longer 7-foot, 6-inch rod, and my sinker weights vary from 1/8-ounce in 5 feet of water to 3/8-ounce in 40 feet.

这只是刚刚开始,而你可以很容易的改变这些不同的要素以适应各种情况。我曾经用过的饵,从钓小嘴用的3寸的水蛭形饵,到钓大嘴用的10寸的power worm都有。我的前导线(指钩到坠的距离)甚至到3英尺,而那时候我就选了7尺6的竿子。而倒钓坠,从5(约1.5米)尺深的水用1/8oz,到40尺(约12米)深的水用3/8oz。

leech.jpg
power worm.jpg

Overall, my hook sizes range from No. 1 and No. 2 up to about 2/0. If I'm drop shotting water with little or no cover, I prefer an octopus-style hook and simply hook my bait through the nose. If I'm fishing cover, I use a light wire, straight shank hook and rig Texas style. Both offer high hookup ratios.

总的来说,我用的钩子尺寸从1号2号一直到大概2/0. 如果我做钓的水域只有少量或者没有障碍,我愿意用“自杀钩”直接钩饵的头部。如果是做钓障碍区,我会用细的直柄钩德州挂法(埋钩尖)。两种方法都有很高的着钩率。

hook.jpg

Most newcomers to drop shotting think this is purely a vertical presentation in which you drop the sinker to the bottom and then start shaking your rod tip to make your lure vibrate and dance. Believe me, there's much more to it.

大部分新手认为倒钓纯粹是纵向呈现的方法,铅到底之后,就开始晃竿尖,让饵舞动。但是相信我,倒钓可不止这些!

 楼主| 发表于 2011-5-25 09:50 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 土拨鼠 于 2011-5-25 09:54 编辑

IKE2.jpg
First, don't shake your rod that much. You don't need to. The beauty of drop shotting is that it presents your bait naturally. Underwater currents, combined with your own normal hand movement, will impart plenty of action to your lure. Excessive rod shaking eliminates this natural appearance.

首先,别过多的晃动你的竿尖。 你不需要那么做。倒钓的美妙之处在于,它能很自然的呈现你的饵。水底的暗流,配合你手的自然的移动,已经可以让饵做出足够的动作。过多的晃动竿尖,反而让饵失去自然的状态。

Of course you can shake your rod to try to attract a bass, but if you do, do it sparingly and always shake on a semi-slack line. A semi-slack line keeps your weight in the same place on the bottom and helps maintain the natural appearance. I always fish a drop shot with a slight bow in my line, but I really keep the rod shaking to a minimum.

当然,你也可以晃动竿子以吸引bass的注意,但是如果你要这么做的话,动作尽量小,且保持钓线半松弛的状态。半松弛的钓线可以确保你的铅坠停留在原地,并且保持饵的自然状态。我总是在玩倒钓的时候保持钓线的半弯曲状态,并且将钓竿的的晃动幅度控制到最小!


One of the more overlooked presentations with drop shots is "walking" it along the bottom. You can cast a drop shot to the bank and walk it back to the boat, along the edge of a pier or up to a brushpile. You can do it across the same flats where you'd use a Carolina rig, too, although I think walking is more effective in shallow water where bass might otherwise be spooked by the boat.

经常被忽略的一种倒钓呈现手法是将饵一路拖晃回来。你可以把倒钓钓组抛向岸边,然后一路拖晃回来。可以贴着码头或者是水边的灌木丛。也可以这样穿过某个你可能会用卡罗莱纳钓组来做钓的平滩。我认为在浅水中快速拖晃饵回来会更有效,因为鱼可能会被船吓到。


When I'm walking a drop shot, I prefer to drag my sinker slowly across the bottom with short pulls to make certain the bait stays above the bottom. You can also use a pull-and-drop presentation by raising your rod tip so the sinker also comes up off the bottom. If you need to cover a lot of water quickly, this may be better than the slow dragging, but the bass will tell you. Either way, use a lot of pauses so you can continue to take advantage of the bait's natural appearance above the bottom.

当我拖晃一个倒钓钓组的时候,我比较喜欢慢慢拖回来,保证铅在水底,饵则处于离底的状态。你也可以用“拖-停”的手法,这样在你抬高竿尖的时候,铅坠也轻微离底。如果你需要在短时间内覆盖大片的水域,这种“拖-停”的手法也许会比慢拖更好,但是效果如何,还是bass说了算!以上任意一种方法,你都应该尽量多停顿,这样你才能很好的让饵发挥它的自然姿态。

IKE BASS.jpg

Another misconception about drop shotting is that it's not a presentation for fishing cover. Let me tell you that you absolutely can fish cover with this technique. In fact, we use drop shot rigs to fish the matted vegetation in Florida and other lakes. It's called "power shotting," and I'll describe it in detail in a future column. Just remember that a bass spends much of its life around cover, so that's where you need to be fishing.

另外一个关于倒钓的错误观念在于,人们认为这不适合用来做钓障碍区。而我要高速你,倒钓绝对适合用来做钓障碍区。事实上,我们用倒钓来钓福罗里达和其他湖的草垫。我们称之为:“强力倒钓”(power drop-shotting),我会在以后的文章中详细陈述这一点。 切记,bass在它的一生中大部分时间都呆在障碍周围,所以那才是你要做钓的地方。


Instead of the 8-pound fluorocarbon, rig with braided line, and tie it to a small barrel swivel that will still move through your rod guides. I like Berkley's FireLine because of its small diameter and remarkable strength, but you can use any 15- to 20-pound braid you like. Add a 20-inch fluorocarbon leader to the swivel, tie your hook about halfway down, and your sinker to the end.

这时用编织线来取代你的8lb氟碳线,然后绑个小的可以穿过竿子导环的八字环。我喜欢贝克力的火线,因为它线径细,强度高。你也可以用12到20lb的编织线,然后在八字环的另一头加个20寸长的氟碳线前导,然后在中间位置绑钩,末端上倒钓铅。


Don't be afraid of deep water, either. In fact, drop shotting is probably the most effective way we have now to fish deep water. The deepest I've caught bass with a drop shot is between 60 and 70 feet, but other pros I know have caught fish nearly 100 feet deep.

也不要担心水太深。实际上倒钓大概是目前我们做钓深水的最有效的方法了。我用倒钓钓到过bass的最深水大概有60到70英尺(18~21米左右),但是其他的职业钓手,据我所知有在将近100英尺(约30米)深的地方钓到鱼的!


I'll admit, I used to be really intimidated about fishing deep water — until one day while standing at the bow of my boat I looked back at the outboard and realized it was 21 feet away. I could pitch a bait that far without even thinking about it. When I started visualizing that distance vertically, fishing deeper immediately became easier and maybe it will for you, too.

我承认,过去我真的对深水做钓很恐惧——直到有一天,当我站在船舷上低头看,才意识到我做钓的地方有21英尺深。那时我只管把饵荡出去,根本不去想这个问题。当我意识到这个深度的时候,做钓深水马上就变得简单了许多。这对你也应该适用。


Remember, also, that in many deep water situations, such as around bridge pilings, for instance, bass may suspend 15 or 20 feet above the bottom. You can use a drop shot without letting your sinker fall completely to the bottom — it takes careful depthfinder study, but under the right conditions you can see your bait fall to fish as you watch on your electronics. This is how Kota caught many of his bass in his Lake Erie win.

同时也记住,在很多深水做钓的情形下,比如在桥墩周围,bass可能会悬浮在底部智商12到20英尺的地方。这时你用倒钓就不要让铅坠完全沉到底——你需要仔细研究你的探鱼器,调到足够好的时候,你甚至可以看到你的饵慢慢向鱼下沉。这就是桐山孝太郎在伊利湖胜出的技法。

kota1.jpg

Overall, drop shotting can become one of your most valuable and productive fishing techniques. It's a subtle, non-evasive presentation that takes full advantage of a bait's natural appearance in the water. Drop shotting keeps the lure horizontal and in one spot above the bottom for as long as you want to leave it there. You can't do this with any other presentation, which is what makes it so special.

总而言之,倒钓可以成为你最具价值且最高产的技法。它非常微妙且毫无保留的展示了拟饵在水中的自然姿态。 倒钓保持了拟饵的水平移动,且让你能把饵控制在水底只上的某个你想要的标点。而这是你用其他的任何技法都无法达到的,这才是倒钓为何如此特别的所在!
发表于 2011-5-25 10:02 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 zhuozhuo 于 2011-5-25 10:04 编辑

终于坐到沙发了·

在这里学习到很多东西~~~感谢土拨鼠和论坛的朋友提供这么多资料~

楼主您辛苦了·
 楼主| 发表于 2011-5-25 10:03 | 显示全部楼层
回复 3# zhuozhuo

楼上神速!!
发表于 2011-5-25 10:06 | 显示全部楼层
回复  zhuozhuo

楼上神速!!
土拨鼠 发表于 2011-5-25 10:03



    开始就看到这个帖了~~因为权限问题开始还不可以看到内容~~就一直在等~~

~~提个建议~~希望对那些专业的名词楼主能帮忙解释一下~~相信有很多像我这样的新手还有很多都看不明白~~感激·
 楼主| 发表于 2011-5-25 10:10 | 显示全部楼层
回复 5# zhuozhuo


哦,可能我没特别留意到。有一些帖子里会解释,有一些以前帖子里解释过的就不再解释。
不知你说的是哪些?
发表于 2011-5-25 10:15 | 显示全部楼层
学习了~~~
发表于 2011-5-25 10:16 | 显示全部楼层
回复  zhuozhuo


哦,可能我没特别留意到。有一些帖子里会解释,有一些以前帖子里解释过的就不再解释。 ...
土拨鼠 发表于 2011-5-25 10:10



  呵呵~~~一定是以前都解释过的~~是我爬帖还太少不够仔细~~我会加强基础学习的~
发表于 2011-5-25 10:47 | 显示全部楼层
老鼠很早嘛…好文章!
发表于 2011-5-25 11:03 | 显示全部楼层
非常不错的材料,学习了。
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