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SWIMBAIT浅析

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匿名
匿名  发表于 2013-6-11 10:29 |阅读模式
SWISS ARMY SWIMBAITS
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资料来源:  FLW电子杂志5~6月刊
原文作者: Curtis Niedermier
翻译:  土拨鼠


本人发表在自由之路论坛的译文,未设置任何浏览权限的限制,所有注册用户都可以公开浏览,因此未经本人同意,谢绝任何形式的转载(可贴本坛帖子链接)!


Finding the answer to the question, What’s the best presentation?” is one of bass fishing’s most difficult chores. The problem is compounded by the endless list of tackle options at anglers’ disposal. Yet, while there is no do-everything lure choice, there are very few situations a soft-plastic swimbait won’t get the job done.

“什么是最好的呈现?” 为这个问题找寻答案,是鲈鱼钓面对的最难问题之一。 该命题由钓手们不计其数的装备清单混合而成。虽然世上没有万能的拟饵,但只有很少数的情况是一只软体swimbait无法应对的。


As is true of any other lures, swimbaits have their shortcomings. Howevers, considering the broad spectrum of shapes, sizes, colors and styles that can be rigged with any number of hooks, weights and other terminal-tackle component combinations to sink, float, suspend, wake, buzz, bounce, grind, creep, burn and hop, the benefits of swimbaits far outnumber their limitations.

和其他任何拟饵一样,swimbait也有它的劣势。然而,考虑到swimbait的各种不同形状、尺寸、颜色和钩着方法、配重方式,以及搭配各种终端配件使其可沉水、可浮水、可悬浮、可吵闹、可拖拉、可跳底、可爬行、可快收加停顿;swimbait的优势远大于其不足。


The following Walmart FLW Tour and EverStart series pros would agree. And they offer a few of their favorite rigging suggestions.

下面我们来看看沃尔玛FLW巡回赛和EverStart系列赛的职业钓手们如何使用swimbait,并分享他们的一些建议。




Wormin’ with Swimbaits    像用软虫一样用swimbait

Not every swimbait presentation involves strictly “swimming” the lure. Vineland, N.J., pro Adrian Avena prefers to fish his swimbaits more like worms when fishing in and around grass 6 deep and shallower.


并不是所有的swimbait(游动饵)的呈现方式,都是要用来swim(游动)的。来自新泽西州的职业钓手Adrian Avena在水深不超过6英尺(约1.8 m)时做钓草区时,喜欢像用软虫一样来使用他的swimbait.

“When fishing around grass, I always use a Reaction Innovations Skinny Dipper.” Avena says. “I don’t use keel weights, I get bit a lot more when I’m worming’ the swimbait than chucking and reeling. I drop in into pockets and fish it more like a worm.”


“在草区做钓时,我总是用Reaction Innovations的Skinny Dipper。” Avena说。“我不用带铅曲柄钩,大部分情况下,我都不是把饵抛出去再收回来,更多时候,我像用软虫一样来用swimbait。 我把钓组抛进草洞,控竿手法也更接近软虫做钓。
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Open it’s belly   开腹

Rig hollow swimbaits perfectly every time by first slicing open the belly with a razor blade. The cut won’t affect the action, but is makes rigging easier because you only have to push the hook through one layer of plastic – the lure’s back. This also allows the swimbait to slide up the hook more easily when a fish is cought, which increases the life of the lure.

初次使用一只新的空心软鱼的时候,用刀片把鱼腹剖开。刀口不会影响泳姿,但穿钩就简单许多,因为你的钩子只需要穿透一层软胶——即鱼背。此外,当鱼中钩之后,饵也更容易在钩身上自由滑动,因此延长了Swimbait的使用寿命。

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发表于 2013-6-11 11:23 | 显示全部楼层
Cut the Nose  切鼻


Create a different action when buzzing grass-style swimbaits such as the Reaction Innovations Skinny Dipper or the Gambler EZ Swimmer within or the surface film by cutting the nose. Either cut it straight across, creating a flat surface or cut out a V-shaped notch. Either method will create more surface area on the face of the swimbait to catch water as the lure swims. The result is a little more body wobble.
当您用swimbait,如Reaction Innovations Skinny Dipper或者Gambler EZ Swimmer,以快收方式做钓水草区水面或者表层时,可通过切鼻来产生不一样的泳姿。您可以平切亦或切成V字形,两种方法都可以在饵游过水面时,增加饵身在水面产生的扰流。同时也会增加饵身的摇摆。



The trick works best with a weedless swimbait hook that attaches with a screw-in keeper.

这个方法搭配带螺旋的放挂钩是最合适的。


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The Ultralight Swimbait    超轻swimbait


Shelby, N.C., pro Matt Arey has used “crappie-sized” swimbaits for years to target schooling bass in the fall, or any time they’re feeding on schools of small bait fish. Initially, he had difficulty finding a light 3/32oz jighead with a suitable hook for wrenching in bass.

来自北卡罗莱纳州的职业钓手Matt Arey用小莓鲈尺寸的swimbait钓鲈鱼已经很多年了,通常是在秋季或者其他鲈鱼以群聚小饵鱼为食物的季节。最初的时候,他很难找到一枚重约2.7g的铅头钩去挂饵且同时保证良好的强度。



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Recently, however, he developed this ultralight rigging technique.

然而,最近他发明了这种超轻型swimbait钩法。


1.Select your favorite 3-inch swimbait.  Arey prefers the Gambler TZ.
   找到一只你最喜欢的3寸的swimbait. Arey更喜欢Gambler的TZ。

2.Match a straight-shank worm hook to the swimbait. A2/0 Gamakatsu fits well with the TZ.

   找一枚适合该swimbait大小的直柄软虫钩。2/0大小的Gamakatsu刚好符合TZ。

3.Tightly wrap thin lead wire , which can be bought from many fly-fishing supply companies, round the hook shank, from  the eye down to where the hook starts to bend.  The hook should hold about 3/32oz of weight.

   将铅丝紧密的缠绕在钩柄上,从钩眼一直到钩弯。铅丝一般可以在很多的飞钓用品店买到,而整个缠好的钩子重量约为4.7g。

4.Thread the hook through the swimbait and out of the back, being careful to keep it perfectly straight. Arey likes to slide the hook eye into the nose of the swimbait for a cleaner look.

   将钩子穿入swimbait后由背部穿出,请小心操作,务必保证饵平直。Arey还喜欢把钩眼也轻轻埋入饵身。


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The Technique - Arey casts the finished rig on a 7 1/2foot spinning rod with 4-to-6-pound test line for maximum distance. Cast the swimbait into the fray of schooling activity and wake it back quickly at the surface. The idea is to imitate a small minnow that has been cut off from the school by attacking bass.

技法:Arey 用7尺6的直柄竿配4~6lb线以追求最远的抛投距离。把这个swimbait抛入饵鱼群,然后快速从水表层收回来。其想法是用这个饵模拟被鲈鱼攻击之后从饵鱼群里脱离出来的小鱼。
发表于 2013-6-11 12:01 | 显示全部楼层
Flat-Face Swimbaits     平脸Swimbaits


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Super Glue is an invaluable tool for keeping swimbait on a jighead or hook.but how you do the gluing significantly impacts the results.

万能胶能很好的把swimbait固定在铅头钩上。但是如何使用胶水也很重要!


Benton, Ark., pro Stetson Blaylock primarily throws hollow-body swimbaits such as the Basstrix Swim Bait on open-hook jigheads, and he has a trick for making sure they stay in place.

来自阿肯色州的职业钓手Stetson Blaylock常使用空心软鱼如Basstrix Swim Bait搭配无挡刷的铅头钩,他有个小技巧可以保证软鱼很好的固定在钩子上。


“I cut off the front of the swimbait to make it fit flush up against the jighead,” he says. Don’t put the glue on the lead. I squirt it around the lip of the swimbait before I slide it up . That allows some of the glue to slip down onto the actual shank of the leadhead, white most stays on the lip and secures to the back of the head.”

“我把swimbait的头部切平,使其与铅头钩完美贴合,”他说到。“不要把胶水弄到铅头上。我把胶水涂抹在swimbait的头部,然后再将swimbait推进去,在这个过程中,一部分的胶水实际上附着在了钩柄上,剩下的大部分胶水停留在饵的头部,最终与铅头钩背面完美贴合。”


“Don’t cut so far back that you get into the hollow cavity in the body,or into the swimbait’s eyes. But do cut back beyond the “nipple” formed on the swimbait’s nose by the molding process.”

“切割的部位不要太靠后,因为后面会是软鱼的空心部分,也注意不到切到软鱼的眼睛。但是起码要保证把软鱼头部那个在浇注过程中形成你的凸点给切掉。”



3 Swim Jig Rigs   三个游动jig的组合

A swimbait is a killer grass lure, especially when rigged so that it can slither through any potential hangups. One of the simplest ways is to rig it on a swim jig designed to skirt through vegetation. Here are three variations.

Swimbait是草区做钓的致命拟饵,尤其是配合swim jig使用,使其轻松滑过任何可能挂底的障碍。以下是三个游动jig配合swimbait的组合。


SCOTT CANTERBURY’S DIRTY JIGS RIG      去胶裙的Dirty Jig+贝克力空心软鱼
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ZACH CAUDLE’S SKINNY DIPPER RIG        Damiki Mamba+Reaction Innovation Skinny Dipper
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JOHN COX’S RATTLE HEAD RIG     Rattle Head 游动jig+Gamber EZ Swimmer

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Quick Tips  小贴士
Screw-in hooks hold swimbaits better than standard swimbait hooks. The owner beast, with its centering-pin keeper, was one of the most popular among anglers queried because it is easy to rig.

带螺旋锁的钩子比普通swimbait钩子能更好的固定饵。欧娜的Beast钩(5130/5130W)就是最受钓手们欢迎的swimbait钩之一。


If fishing with an open-hook jighead, use the heawiest you can while still maintaining the desired presentation, A heavier swimbait falls quickly and is easy to keep down, which makes each cast more efficient.

如果使用构建外露的铅头钩,在保证泳姿的情况下,选择最重的钩子,因为更重的swimbait下沉更快,且分容易保持在深水,提高每次抛投的做钓效率。
发表于 2013-6-11 12:22 | 显示全部楼层
Bend the Hook    调整钩子

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Extra-wide-gap swimbait hook have big, pig-sticking points,but even the best hook can’t do its job if it isn’t pointed in the right direction.

超宽腹的swimbait钩,钩条粗,钩尖锋利,但是如果钩尖的位置不对,再好的钩子也无法完成它的使命。


Pros Anthony Gagliardi and Clifford Pirch avoid this problem by tweaking the hook point on their favorite EWG hooks.

职业钓手Anthony Gagliardi和Clifford Pirch有个解决方法,他们把自己手里的EWG钩子的钩尖用钳子做了调整。


“I typically bend the hook out a little bit to where the point is kind of pointed up,” says Pirch,”rather than being pointed toward the eyes of the hook.”

“我会把钩尖往外掰一点,让钩尖稍稍朝上,饵不是让钩尖指向钩眼。” Pirch说道。


“Sometimes the thickness of the bait will cause that hook point to point back down [when it’s rigged],” adds Gagliardi.” I want it at least flush with the back of the bait. When you rig some of them, it’s impossible to get the hook point parallel to the back of the bait without first bending the hook.”

Galigardi则说“有时候,因为饵太厚,当你把钩子穿好之后,钩尖不可避免的会略微朝下,而我要求钩尖最起码要和饵的背部等高,这时候如果不往外掰,钩尖是无法做到和饵背部平行的。




Green Pumpkin is Your Friend      南瓜绿 是你的好朋友
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You throw green-pumpkin worms and jigs and trailers and craws and creatures, right? So why do you only throw shad colored swimbaits?

你常常抛南瓜绿色的软虫、jig、拖尾以及虾子和异型虫,对吗? 既然如此,为什么你只抛鲱鱼色的swimbait?



According to phienx, Ariz.,pro Brett Hite, green-pumpkin swimbaits are perfect for imitating bluegills and other bream species.

根据亚利桑那州的职业钓手 Brett Hite,南瓜绿色的swimbait对于模仿蓝鳃太阳鱼和鲤科鱼类是非常好的。


“Every place has bluegills, and the bigger fish tend to key on bluegills,” he says. “Most of the time on a green-pumpkin swimbait I add chartreuse dye. I don’t see that it ever hurts you.”

他说,“所有地方都有蓝鳃太阳鱼,大鱼捕食蓝腮鱼是很正常的,大多数情况下我会给南瓜绿的swimbait加染一点黄绿色。我从没遇到这样染色带来负面影响的情况。”



Swivel Belly Hook   转环腹钩


Keep big bass from fighting free when using line-through style swimbaits by attaching a split-ring swivel to the treble hook,or by attaching a standard swivel to the hook with a split ring, Tie the line to the swivel.
为避免使用线穿型swimbait博大鲈鱼脱钩的情况,您可以在三本钩上增加一个双圈八字环,或者在普通八字环上增加一个双圈用以连接三本钩,然后将钓线绑在八字环上。

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Quick Tips    小贴士
When choosing hooks,remember that bigger is better. Use the biggest you can without throwing off the action..It’s easier and faster to rig swimbaits at home than on the water. Get a half-dozen or so ready before you fish.

选择钩子时,请记住钩子越大越好。在不影响泳姿的情况下,尽可能用最大的钩子。在家里挂swimbait比钓鱼时临时挂会更来得更方便,所以尽量出门的时候就多准备一些挂好钩子的swimbait。

发表于 2013-6-11 12:34 | 显示全部楼层
String a Stinger  加挂三本钩


Large pre-rigged, internally weighted swimbaits such as the Storm WildEye Live Shiner are popular for slow-rolling on deep ledges. However, sometimes bass aren’t tuned into devouring the entire big-body lure. OFF! Pro Terry Bolton counters with this simple stinger system.

大型的预装钩包铅鱼,比如Storm的Wild Eye Live Shiner, 常被用于深水崖砍的慢收搜索。然而,有时候鲈鱼并不会整个吞下这么大的饵。结果就是跑鱼! 职业钓手Terry Bolton通过下图所示的一个简单三本钩设置来解决这个问题。(记住三本钩挂好之后,一定到水中测试一下泳姿,以确保三本钩不会影响软鱼的泳姿)


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Drop-Shot Swimbaits    swimbait倒钓

Just about any soft-plastic swimbait that comes unrigged can be fished on a drop-shot. Small swimbaits can be nose-hooked, just like a worm. Others can be rigged weedless with a wide-gap hook for dangling in brush piles or swimming around shallow cover. Usually, a swimbait of 3 1/2 inches or smaller is a good size.

几乎任何的软体swimbait,只要出厂时没有预装钩子,几乎都可以用于倒钓钓法。小尺寸的swimbait可以直挂饵的头部,就像用面条虫倒钓一样。 其他的swimbait可以用宽腹曲柄勾增加确保其防挂性,用于水底沉木区或者浅水障碍区的做钓。通常情况下,3.5英寸以内的swimbait都很合适!


Here are three suggestions regarding how to fish swimbaits on dropshots:

以下是关于如何用swimbait进行倒钓做钓的3点建议:


1.Cast the swimbait into tules or shallow grass, then hold the line semi-tight and shake the swimbait in place.
   把swimbait抛入香蒲或者浅草中,然后保持钓线半紧状态,原地晃饵。

2.Drop the swimbait straight down over brush piles, then work it up, through and over the limbs, occasionally letting it drop. Reel it up to any suspended fish you mark on the depth finder.
    在水底沉木区的正上方,放swimbait入水,到底之后再慢慢往上收到枝杈上方,偶尔给一些停顿和下沉。同时针对您探鱼器上指示的鱼悬浮所在的泳层一一做钓。

3.Cast out over brush piles and swim the entire rig back through the branches. Or cast past the brush and let the bait swing on an arc like a pendulum across the top of brush.
     将饵抛出下沉,使swimbait刚好位于水底沉木区的上方,一路游回来。或者抛出后,让饵像钟摆一样摆到沉木枝杈的上方。
  
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Two-Weight System   双配重系统 17.jpg

Chevy pro Luke Clausen uses the Z-Man Grass KickerZ swimbait around shallow cover such as grass or wood because of it’s slick, slender profile, which lets it snake nicely through snags. However, part of its efficiency is the way he rigs it --- with two weights.

雪弗兰职业钓手卢克•克劳森常用Z-Man的Grass KickerZ的软鱼来做钓浅水的障碍,如草区或者灌木区,因为这款鱼外形平顺而细长,拥有良好的通过性。 然而,钓组的效率还有一部分则在于他挂这只饵的方法——用双重配重。


“I use a light belly weight on the hook and a bullet weight in front,” he says.

“我用钩柄带铅的去垢,同时前面用一颗子弹坠,”他说到。


The bullet weight keeps the nose down and causes the lure to plummet when it comes over a piece of cover. This gets it down into holes in the cover quickly, and the direction change can trigger strikes.

前面的子弹坠可保持软鱼头朝下,使它爬过一块障碍后可以垂直下沉。这使饵可以快速的钻入孔洞,而方向的改变则可以激发咬口。


The belly weight keeps the swimbait from rolling over at fast speeds, but also balances it at slow speeds.

钩腹上的铅则确保快收时软鱼不会翻转,当然在慢收的时候也保持了软鱼的平衡性。


Clausen uses anywhere from 1/16oz up to 3/4oz for the weights, depending on the speed and depth he’s fishing.

克劳森根据自己做钓的节奏和深度,用的铅可以从1/16oz(1.8g)一直到3/4oz(21g)。
发表于 2013-6-11 12:36 | 显示全部楼层
吼吼,终于搞定!
发表于 2013-6-11 13:54 | 显示全部楼层
学习中
发表于 2013-6-11 15:39 | 显示全部楼层
各村都有许多高招。。。学习了!
谢鼠版
发表于 2013-6-11 19:44 | 显示全部楼层
哇噻,正合时机。
发表于 2013-6-11 19:57 | 显示全部楼层
好东西,学习了。
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